Islamic Beliefs in Compulsory Islamic Studies (Islamiyat) and Cognitive Development: An investigation

Research Article

Islamic Studies or Islamiyat is offered as compulsory subject following the recommendation of Objectives resolution 1949, and constitution of 1973 of Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Therefore, all successive governments of Islamic Republic of Pakistan took measures to introduce Islamic learning programs and courses in academics. Apart from other measures of introducing Islam both as a religion and as a way of life, in academia, the teaching of Islamiyat was made compulsory at all three tiers of education aligned with the educational policies 1959, 1972, 1978, 1992, 1998, and 2009. The current study is focused on analyzing the topics of Islamic [...]

An Analysis of Achievement in Science, Piagetian Conceptual Frameworks and Attitude towards Learning Science among Elementary and Secondary School Children in Pakistan

Research Article

This study analyzed the 8th and 10th graders' attitude towards learning science (ATLS), required cognitive skills for science examination questions (SEQ), and patterns of actual cognitive skills (ACS), in accordance with the Revised Bloom's Taxonomy (RBT) and the Piagetian Conceptual Frameworks (PCFs). The sample of the study consisted of 564 (boys and girls) 8th and 10th graders of government elementary and high schools in Sindh province of Pakistan. The RBT applied to break down the 8th graders General Science examination questions in terms of Piagetian conceptual frameworks. A Cognitive Science Achievement Test (CSAT) based on the RBT administered to measure [...]

School Council Policy in Punjab: Policy Formulation without Participation of Stakeholders

Research Article

Quality and equitable access to education largely remain mere aspirations for the populace. Despite the earnest efforts and commitment on the part of Government of the Punjab as well as support of international educational organizations, the goals continue to elude all efforts. This research has been conducted with the assumption that involvement of community in the major stages of policy-making in Pakistan is minimal. The study has highlighted the lack of effective community participation both at policy formulation and implementation stages in the Punjab Province. It has attempted to point out the irritants that discourage community participation. The researcher seeks [...]