Determinants of Teacher's Job Satisfaction: Evidence from the Primary and Secondary Schools of Karachi

Research Article

Teacher’s job satisfaction has been considered a very important element in the training and development of pupils in their early academic years. This study investigates the impact of five determinants of the teacher’s job satisfaction in the context of primary and secondary schools when controlling for their age, gender, experience, marital status and education. These five determinants include occupational stress, empowerment, interpersonal relationships, working conditions and self-efficacy. A sample of 280 respondents is drawn from school teachers of Karachi. Principal component and hierarchical multiple regression analyses with ‘forward’ method are used to analyze the data. With exception of self-efficacy, the [...]

Investigating the relationship among Organizational Commitment, Job Satisfaction and Emotional Intelligence - Evidence from Teachers at Secondary Level in Pakistan

Research Article

The subject study is aimed to investigate relationship among three different factors associated with secondary level teachers including organizational commitment, job satisfaction and emotional intelligence in Pakistan. Additionally the subject study is aimed to investigate role of age and gender in determining these aspects among selected audience. In order to achieve said objectives, sample of 150 teachers at secondary level is selected by using stratified random sampling with proportionate allocation to each stratum. Field survey has been conducted during course of subject study, and results are based on research type of ex post facto in which structured questionnaire is used [...]

Oral Communication Apprehension Among Undergraduate Engineering Students in Pakistan

Research Article

This paper investigates the levels of oral communication anxiety of undergraduate engineering students in Pakistan. The data was collected from four departments of the university. McCroskey’s (1978) Oral Communication Apprehension (OCA) Survey Instrument was adopted for this study. The questionnaire was translated into Urdu (National Language of Pakistan) to make it clear to respondents. The data analysis revealed 18% of the sample had high level of oral communication apprehension, 66% faced average level of oral communication apprehension and 16% were in low level of oral communication apprehension. This study also discloses that there is no significant difference in levels of [...]

Impact of Teachers' Subject Matter Knowledge and Behaviour on Students' Performance

Research Article

This study investigated the impact of teacher’s subject matter knowledge and their behavior on the student’s performance. Qualified and well behaved teachers help to boost learner’s confidence and involvement in learning activities. In Pakistan, the quality of school level education is continuously deteriorating. It may be because of the reason that most of the private schools, due to their financial constraints, hire less qualified and untrained teachers. The data was collected through a 5 points Likert scale questionnaire. Responses were obtained from the students of secondary and matric classes of three different schools. Data was analyzed using various statistical techniques, [...]

China's Foreign Policy Choices and Domestic Constrains: Maneuvering for Peaceful Rise

Research Article

The paper explains how the People’s Republic of China has developed its strategy on three different levels: domestic, regional and global to manage its interests, focusing on the objectives and choices available at the end of China. The purpose to conduct this research is to critically analyze how the objective of peaceful rise is gradually, but coherently in the right direction, by the application of ideological, economic and defense means in well-articulated way. The crux of utilization of these foreign policy instruments, reflects that Confucius-ism and tributary system’s legacy is applied in dealing with smaller neighboring states and four regional [...]

Content Analysis of the Provincial Pakistan Studies Textbook for Secondary Class

Research Article

The paper presents the results of the content analysis of the Pakistan Studies textbooks, of grade IX and X, published by the Sindh Textbook Board (STBB). The content was evaluated against the objectives set by the Federal Ministry of Education. The analysis includes the connections between the selected content and the set framework with additional focus on the quality of the textbook with respect to its printing and publishing styles. An adapted content analysis check-list by March (2009) was used for the study. Results show quite a few similarities between the national objectives and the selected content, however, some differences [...]

Motivation in English Language Learning: A Study of English Language Centers in Hyderabad

Research Article

This study analyzes and determines the socio-psychological aspect of EL learners studying English language overtly in addition to their college/ university education in various language centers in Hyderabad. The study focuses on motivation a contributing factor in second language acquisition, particularly on Gardener’s concept of instrumental and integrative motivations of students. In order to determine the students’ tendency towards the L2 acquisition 60 subjects of population of 2 renowned English Language Centers were selected randomly and were given them a questionnaire based on Gardner's (1974) Attitude/Motivation Test Battery (AMTB). The results revealed existing phenomena of learners’ motivation in L2 learning. [...]

Perspectives of Primary School Teachers Regarding Effectiveness of Cooperative Learning: A Descriptive Study

Research Article

This paper attempts to analyze the perceptions and practices of primary school teachers regarding the effectiveness of cooperative learning (CL) method and to identify the challenges that are encountered while implementing CL in schools. Sample was constituted by 65 teachers from a private sector school system with the help of stratified sampling technique. Questionnaire was used to collect data. Descriptive statistics was used to analyze the data. Data analysis reveals that lecture method is highly used teaching method at primary level whereas teachers use other teaching methods as well, such as lecture demonstration (LD), CL, project based learning (PBL) and [...]